【國際譯文】AlHce2014:全球化的供應鏈與員工的健康成本 (AIHce 2014: Globalization of the Supply Chain and the Cost to Worker Health)

(picture from EHS Today)

  Globalization has brought economic growth and new prosperity to many regions of the world, yet at the same time has also brought challenges, concerns, and threats to workplace health and safety.

作者 :Sandy Smith


  根據工人權利聯盟的執行董事-Scott Nova的說法:「來自於各大服裝品牌中無情的合約競爭在全球供應鏈中也缺乏了在工人在安全方面的考慮。」
  Ruthless competition for contract work from major clothing brands has contributed to a lack of worker safety considerations in global supply chain, according to Scott Nova, executive director of the Worker Rights Consortium.

  6月4日這周在聖安東尼奧的AIHce 2014全體大會中,工人權利聯盟在華盛頓特區的執行董事- Scott Nova點出了在全球服裝行業呈現了一個關於缺乏良好安全工作條件的壞現象。

  In the June 4 general session at AIHce 2014 in San Antonio this week, Scott Nova, executive director of the Worker Rights Consortium in Washington, D.C., painted a grim picture of unsafe working conditions in the global apparel industry.

  “我們所面臨的問題是:怎麼可能在我們所有的知識背景之下,在Triangle Shirtwaist發生後,工人的死亡總數甚至多過一世紀之前。"
  “The question we are confronted with is: How is it possible with all of our knowledge that workers are dying en masse more than a century after Triangle Shirtwaist?” Nova asked.

  In his presentation, Nova described the economic, political and technical dynamics behind the workplace challenges, along with potential solutions and promising new models for worker protection.

  Nova offered insight into the hazardous working conditions in the garment manufacturing industry, particularly in Bangladesh, where economic and political pressures have exacerbated longstanding safety problems to a greater extent than in other countries.

  Three of the four worst workplace tragedies in this particular industry have occurred during the last two years, Nova noted. Two of these disasters, the Rana Plaza building collapse in April 2013, which resulted in more than 1,100 fatalities, and the Tazreen factory fire in December 2012, which killed 100 workers, occurred in Bangladesh.

  In his presentation, Nova described how the underlying the worker safety problem in global apparel factories are the economic conditions that have led to ruthless competition. The majority of garment manufacturing is done by workers in low-wage countries.

  Factories mostly are contract suppliers who have short-term relationships with global apparel brands like Wal-Mart and Gap. A typical contract lasts until a specific order is fulfilled, and factories have no guarantees that they will receive a new contract. Therefore, factory owners have little leverage to compete for contracts other than lowering their employees' wages; apparel workers in Bangladesh make the U.S. equivalent of 31 cents an hour.

  “It is the rock-bottom cheapest place in the world to make a shirt or a pair of jeans,” said Nova.

  An absence of worker empowerment and education, combined with an almost total lack of enforcement of building and safety codes, has created a very dangerous work environment for thousands of garment workers, according to Nova. Inspectors have examined some 500 factories that are part of the voluntary Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh, ordering 16 of them closed until the buildings could be made safe for occupancy.


@本篇文章內容僅供參考,詳細轉載文章來於:EHS Today @

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