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【國際譯文】你不可不知,2016年值得關注的EHS十大趨勢!

時間過得好快,炎炎夏日將至,想知道今年歐美500大企業都在忙些什麼嗎?想知道全球EHS行業日新月異的最新動向嗎?威煦在這裡為大家介紹一篇關於EHS 2016年趨勢的文章,並集合國內外專家的看法,總結出十大趨勢,且非常有把握地宣布今年對於EHS領域是值得期待的一年。



1)
 Leveraging Risk and Uncertainty for Operational Excellence and Resilience
At SPF Americas 2015, a keynote panel explored the theme of leveraging organizational stress to build resilience. To understand the link between stress and resilience, it’s good to have some perspective on risk. By definition, a risk is the likelihood of an adverse event that may impact the successful completion of a business objective. Broadly speaking, managing risk is also about managing uncertainty. Uncertainty can have negative consequences, but it can also create opportunities for improvement. Watch for many best-in-class organizations to create deeper links between their risk management processes and corporate governance. Firms will not only aim to mitigate EHS risks and other risks, but also to leverage lessons learned and controls to improve processes and build greater operational excellence and resilience. In addition, more organizations will evaluate and select GRC solutions to help them meet company objectives.

第一個趨勢:換位思考
換位思考亦即企業如何在控制風險、降低EHS事故的同時,增強自身內部營運與處理風險的能力。一般來說風險就是意外發生的可能性,意外發生後會影響到公司的營運,甚至公司的目標,所以必須有效管控風險,也就是要知道如何管控不確定性。然而企業的營運一定會有不確定性,包括EHS方面也是一個非常大的因素,因此一個很大的趨勢就是鼓勵企業換位思考,與其想方設法規避風險,倒不如將降低風險和規避風險這兩件事看成一個創造優勢的機會,企業可以藉此提升自己的營運管理及處理風險的能力。

2) Predictive Analytics Tries to Make Sense of All the Data

Data capture started to be a growing challenge some time ago. The
challenge then became to ensure data quality, use the data to drive regulatory compliance, and aggregate data for dashboards and reports. Today, integrated and mobile-enabled software platforms with great breadth and depth help companies address EHS data capture and management challenges. But watch for a case of “data overload”developing for many organizations that have been using EHS platforms for some time now. Rather than being a problem, this presents an opportunity. Companies can leverage data for predictive analytics. Not only will companies continue to use data to track and manage incidents, but increasingly they will seek to leverage data to predict where and when the next incident or adverse event is the most likely to occur. This is already being done by many best-in-class organizations, and increasingly it will become more widespread.

第二個趨勢:預測分析管理模式
幾年前蒐集數據的能力還主導整個市場,但現在已經進入大數據時代,我們有各式各樣的工具,例如手機、平板還有多元的軟體,都能幫助我們收集到各式信息,在這樣的情況下,企業與公司面臨的挑戰已經轉變,如何處理及利用龐大的數據庫及資訊成為兵家必爭之地,同時它也是一個機會,這個機會就是在未來我們如何把預測分析融入大數據管理,亦即數據蒐集越多,公司不只是在當下做成一個報表,更重要的是如何利用這些數據來評估或是預測未來某個事故會發生的可能性,進而學習如何規避風險,相信在未來的一兩年之內,也會產生更多的工具及軟體,能夠幫助我們建立預測分析的管理模式。

3) Accelerated Growth in the Use of Solutions in the Cloud
Solutions delivered in the Cloud have been around for some time now. A “growth in the use of solutions in the Cloud” is a trend that we would have identified for 2015 or even 2014. Look for the growth to be accelerated in 2016 for two reasons. First, for many companies, the use of applications and solutions in the cloud is more cost-effective than on-premise solutions. With the decline in oil prices, economic uncertainty in China where many companies have a stake, and other pressures to optimize costs, Cloud-based solutions allow many organizations to save costs. Second, there are a number of solutions offered in the Cloud that are very attractive for organizations. Such solutions include real-time regulatory alerts, delivery of regulatory content for EHS applications, mobility services, online stakeholder engagement, benchmarking against industry peers, and others.

第三個趨勢:EHS信息管理解決方案的雲端化
2014-2015年,我們已經看到雲端化軟體的市佔率急速增長,威煦也因應時代遞嬗,現在也推出化學雲的雲端版,未來也會在很短的時間內,推出法規王的雲端版。根據我們的分析,雲端化軟體的解決方案,有兩個非常大的優勢,也因此受到越來越多企業高度重視,第一個優勢就是節省成本,因為現在大環境非常不景氣,很多企業跟公司都在壓縮運算,而雲端化軟體在維護及軟體功能的更新等方面相對於安裝版更省錢,可以幫助企業節省部分費用,因此佔有非常大的優勢;第二個優勢是雲端版還有許多附加價值,這些附加價值安裝版相對難以實現,包含即時法規更新的通知,或是即時發送企業內部的新消息給使用者,透過移動端,即手機、平板等等即可實現。因此雲端化的軟體基本上可以有更靈活的運用,帶給一般企業在EHS管理上更多的價值。

4) The Internet of Things (IoT) and Wearables Become More Relevant to EHS

If this was 2015 or 2014, we probably would have replaced “The Internet of Things and Wearables” with “Mobility”. While mobility in EHS is still in the early adopter stage, has plenty of room to grow, and will continue to have momentum, the market is also thinking about the next technological innovations and how they relate to EHS. Many people are just beginning to realize the full potentials of IoT and wearables in EHS, which is a trend that will continue in 2016. Applications include sensors that automatically detect and report toxic air releases due to an incident, wearable monitoring systems that alert workers when they are being exposed to hazardous chemicals, real-time safety alerts on mobile devices including smartwatches, and so on. But “every rose has its thorn”. Along with the growth of IoT and wearables, expect also growing IoT security risks.

第四個趨勢:互聯網及配戴性裝置
互聯網與配戴性裝置和一些即時偵測產品的結合,這樣的趨勢其實在2014-2015年就有慢慢浮現,在未來的幾年內我們估計這方面還大有可為。其中舉個例子來說,像是我們可以在化學工廠裝置一些能夠感應的儀器,當員工在處理危害性較高的物質時,可以讓他配戴某種偵測性手表,屆時若有化學品的毒氣洩漏或其他事故,就可以立即偵測到,馬上通知大家有事故發生,或是發送這些信息到他們的手機、平板或是智慧型手表,因此隨著智慧型的配戴裝置在市場上的成熟,我們想在未來的EHS管理上可能都會有一些運用。

5) The COP21 Ripple Effect
You probably heard about the historic agreement reached in Paris during the COP21 UN Climate Change Conference. The agreement does not include legally binding targets. Instead, there are commitments by countries to provide updates on their plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and tackle climate change. But COP21 succeeded in one very important way: it dramatically changed the dynamics. While there may not be a big wave of climate-related legislation (no climate legislation is expected in the U.S. until at least January 2017 and maybe beyond), watch nevertheless for potentially stepped-up enforcement of existing regulations, possibly additional climate-related executive orders in the U.S., and renewed momentum for carbon pricing and carbon markets. More importantly, stakeholders are more likely to hold companies accountable regarding their climate change initiatives. All of this leads to potential impacts on EHS and Sustainability programs, as well as new or enhanced regulatory and reputational risks that need to be managed.


第五個趨勢:漣漪效應  
不知道大家有沒有Follow2015年底剛在巴黎結束的聯合國氣候變遷會議?在這次大會中有了劃時代的決議,各個大國在很多氣候變遷的議題上達成共識,即會更正視這些議題,也彼此承諾更加嚴厲去執行法規,讓大家都能夠積極地降低溫室氣體與碳足跡的排放,也更願意共同討論與建立碳足跡的交易市場。如此共識產生的漣漪效應會在未來幾年陸續影響EHS的管理,甚至一些法規訂定,我們也認為未來包括因應氣候變遷、地球暖化的一些法規會漸趨嚴謹,EHS管理還有公司在永續性發展的一些項目上必然有所影響,所以在未來幾年一些大企業都必須知道如何管理與應對。
6) Water Management and Water Stress Take Center Stage
Most best-in-class companies have some sort of energy management program to manage energy costs and Scope 2 carbon emissions. Look for water management to achieve the same level of attention as energy management. Organizations have water management programs in place to manage permit requirements associated with water discharges, and for water stewardship and resource conservation efforts. But look for risks created by water scarcity issues to climb on corporate agendas. Climate change is creating unexpected or longer periods of drought, which is affecting many industries with operations that rely on water access. Such industries include energy (water-energy nexus), oil and gas (water needed for fracking), mining and metals, as well as food and beverage (water needed for agriculture). Increasingly, water management will also be about managing water stress issues, which is why it will be as prominent as energy management.


第六個趨勢:水資源管理  
能源使用的管理與溫室氣體的排放長期受到重視,歐美的一些大型企業皆排有議程討論,而2016年起水資源的管理也會越來越受到重視。受到氣候變遷的影響,各地乾旱問題日益嚴重,導致用水量非常高的行業在製程或是營運上都受到非常多影響,例如半導體行業、石化行業(尤其是天然氣開採)以及採礦行業,甚至是直接接觸民生問題的農業,這會立即影響食物鏈的供應。所以我們相信在未來幾年,如果氣候變遷的問題及其影響無法改善,未來公司的營運成本會越來越高,因此水資源的利用和管理就會顯得舉足輕重

7) Supply Chain Risks No Longer Seen as “External” Risks
Many surveys and reports have shown that risks associated to the supply chain are becoming more important for companies. Firms are affected by operational risks (e.g. parts not delivered on time) that impact product delivery and therefore can lead to loss of sales opportunities and revenue, as well as reputational risks (suppliers with questionable social and environmental performance, toxic ingredients in chemical products, conflict minerals, etc.). Supply chain risks have been moving higher on the priority list of risks to mitigate. Watch for this mindset to become more prominent in 2016: More organizations will view supply chain risks the same they view risks located within the four walls of their facilities, rather than seeing them as “external” factors over which they have limited influence.

第七個趨勢:供應商控管成為內部管理  
一家公司的供應鏈直接影響其銷售及營收,重視供應商管理迫在眉睫。未來越來越多企業,尤其是高危險的行業,他們對於供應商的控管將不再視為外部的風險管理,而可能納入內部管理,這樣的轉變很大的因素是因為近來化學品的有害物質的法規管理越來越嚴謹,對於任何一家企業來說,他們的供應商是否都能合規,他們是否在處理這些化學品的製程、管理、運輸等方面,都能夠做到非常好的一個流程,至為重要,因為如果這個環節出現任何差池,企業的信譽會受到非常大的影響,所以在未來幾年隨著法規改變,企業會更加重視這個環節。

8) Greater Pressure From Investors to Improve Sustainability and CSR
Traditionally, pressure to improve Sustainability and CSR performance has come from consumers, customers, NGOs, government regulators, and certain actors of civil society. In general, investors were often seen as being primarily concerned with shareholder value and short-term quarterly financial performance. This has changed over the last couple of years and this trend will certainly continue to grow in 2016 for publically-traded corporations. For example, investors are taking a greater interest in Sustainability reporting, and demanding better disclosure of environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) risks. In addition, there is a growing number of Sustainability-related resolutions filed by activist shareholders. All of this means that pressure to improve Sustainability and CSR performance from the investment community may become, in 2016, as important as pressure from consumers, customers, NGOs and government regulators.

第八個趨勢:來自投資者的社會壓力
過去投資者大多只重視企業的財務表現,但2016年起企業會面臨越來越多投資者的壓力,特別是在企業責任與公司永續性發展的規劃方面,加上過去幾年因為氣候議題興起熱潮,民眾環保意識顯著提升,越來越多的民眾及一些環保團體,開始增加關注企業如何處理環保議題,所以在未來的幾年,企業必須建立良好的EHS管理模式,除了對內提升員工素質,更重要的是對外企業形象的保護。

9) Occupational Health, Ergonomics Analysis and Corporate Wellness
When people think about “EHS”, they tend to focus heavily on the “E” and “S” parts, such as air quality, greenhouse gas emissions, water management, waste management, incident management or job safety analysis. For too long, the “H” of “EHS” has been treated like the middle child that is not getting the attention and respect it deserves. But things have started to change and employers are increasingly realizing that keeping a workforce healthy and fit for work has direct consequences on safety performance. Watch for things like occupational health, ergonomics analysis, as well as corporate wellness programs to be figured more prominently in EHS programs, as companies apply the age-old theory “prevention is the best medicine” in the field of occupational safety and health.

第九個趨勢:重視職業健康  
在未來的幾年,EHS中的H領域會得到他應有的重視,亦即員工健康、職業健康此一範疇,一般來說在EHS領域,我們談論更多或是著墨更多的是E(環境)S(安全),這其中包括溫室氣體排放、水資源管理、廢棄物管理、事故管理及安全工作分析等領域等等,但在接下來幾年職業健康領域會開始有一些轉變,企業認知到創造健全適宜的工作環境之重要性,原因可能在於員工開始有「預防勝於治療」的意識,因此如果能夠洞燭先機,提早做好職業健康管理,降低員工安全方面的風險,為員工的健康把關,方為上上之策。

10) Innovation and Growth in Digital Corporate Reporting
Two trends are converging to create a perfect storm feeding another trend to watch for in 2016. First, we live in a digital world where social media and mobile technologies are central to our everyday existence, both personally and professionally. Second, mandatory reporting is on the rise (financial reports, Sustainability/CSR reports, ESG reports, integrated reports, etc.). As a result of these two trends, the practice of digital reporting has become common for many Fortune 500 companies. In 2016, watch for many companies to leverage the power of online engagement and make digital reporting more interactive, user-friendly and responsive. This creates opportunities for increased stakeholder engagement, as well as greater efficiency and transparency. The numerous solutions and stakeholder engagement platforms that are available today reflect this trend.

第十個趨勢:數據轉化與彙整
在未來幾年,企業對於內部及外部的報告彙整都會更加的重視。前面已經提到,由於近年來大數據的風行,如何得到數據已經不是最大的挑戰,更大的挑戰是如何將這樣的數據轉化成有用的報表,幫助優化企業的營運和管理,此外,更重要的是藉此增加企業內部在溝通上的透明度,將信息和報表透明化,讓員工同步了解到公司做得好的地方,甚至需要改進的地方歐美的世界500強的公司近幾年已經投注非常多的資源,致力於將數據的匯整與輸出報表做得更好,而最直接的影響當然就是企業本身內部的運營和管理,因此我們確信,未來越來越多企業會更加重視數據的匯整與內部管理的部分。

  以上為大家分析2016EHS的十大趨勢,這些趨勢也許有些會越來越被重視,有些也許不會,但是希望可以帶給大家一些不同的觀念和想法,年底的時候我們也會針對一年來這十個趨勢的動向作探討,期間我們也會持續做一些更新,讓大家對於國內外的一些大趨勢,或是企業在作的一些模範與做法,能夠有所窺探。

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